Your business plan outlines the ways in which your book marketing activities should be implemented to reach your goals for the year. According to traditional practice, after you establish your objectives your plan is divided into two sections. The first is the Strategic Plan that outlines your general book marketing strategies, and the second is the Tactical Plan listing specific actions. While you may be eager to start selling your books, it is important to first outline your plan.
In the battle for increased sales, revenue, and profits in non-bookstore markets, those more likely to succeed are the ones that implement actions that match their skills, goals, and budget. That, in a nutshell, is effective planning – and it starts with strategy.
Here are seven principles that will convince you to plan your book marketing strategy before you begin your journey to success.
- First, there may appear to be little difference between strategy and tactics, but each serves a function different from the other. Your strategies identify the path that will take you to your objectives and your tactics describe the steps you take on the path. There is a proverb that declares a journey of one thousand miles begins with but one step. But what if that step is in the wrong direction? Strategies make sure you are headed in the right direction before you act.
- Second, your strategy creates an important and unique selling proposition for your titles among a particular set of customers. Your unique selling proposition is the best way of positioning your titles in the market niches in which you have chosen to compete. Imprecise implementation – based on ineffective strategy – results in an effort to be all things to every customer, distorting your image and reducing your sales.
- Third, strategy needs to be reflected in coordinated marketing activity. This requires that you harmonize the ways in which you conduct your product development, distribution and promotion tactics so that people believe your books are worth the price paid. With uncoordinated activity you may end up performing the same things your competitors are doing, making it hard to gain a sustainable advantage. Perform activities that are different from those of your competitors or perform the same tasks better.
- Fourth, marketing with a limited budget requires you to make choices. These trade-offs maximize the return on your limited resources, reflect your strategic decision-making, and make your publishing company truly distinctive. If you try to do a little bit of everything, you will not create and maintain a distinct competitive advantage. Plan and coordinate the ways in which you will allocate your resources.
- Fifth, the distribution channels you select reflect your target-market decisions. Create distribution to places where your target customers shop. This could be in supermarkets, discount stores, wholesale clubs, or airport stores. An interactive distribution system not only increases competitive advantage, but also makes your business more profitable.
- Sixth, strategic planning recognizes that unique titles respond to various promotional tools in different ways. For instance, sales of Title A may be more responsive to a heavy schedule of media performances while direct marketing might be more effective in stimulating sales of Title B.
- Finally, strategy creates consistency of performance, which in turn defines your reputation. The ways in which you perform your marketing actions reflects your strategic thinking and reveals what you will, and will not, stand for. Frequent reinvention may be a sign of poor strategic thinking and a sure route to mediocrity. Continuous improvement is a necessity, but it must always be guided by strategic direction.
Before you jump into the implementation phase of your book marketing program, take the time to think about what you are going to do. This will coordinate your efforts, make you more effective and efficient, and help you create a solid reputation for conducting your business professionally and profitably.
Brian Jud is the author of How to Make Real Money Selling Books and the Executive Director of the Association of Publishers for Special Sales.